Human Radiation Cytogenetics Archives: Complied in 2000, updated in 2017 
Attention !@
     (1) This database is freely accessible and referable. However, if the experimental data compiled in the KURBC files (1-3) are used as materials of your own analysis in any publications including working papers or technical reports, a statement of acknowledgment should be given, as it reads ethis report makes use of data obtained from the Human Radiation Cytogenetics Archives of the Radiation Biology Center, Kyoto Universityf, and send a copy of the report to the Radiation Biology Center, Kyoto University at address given above.
    (2) Commentary given to data in literature is simply a note for readers' potential consideration added during compilation of data, and does not necessorily reflect the conclusion of the authors.
  
[1] KURBC: Principles and Methods of Human Radiation Cytogenetics  
 Radiation Cytogenetics (pdf)   ¤ Overture to the human radiation cytogenetics
 ¤ Historical framework of major events relevant to the radiation cytogenetics, icluding those in Japan
 Principle and Method (pdf)    ¤ Principle of chromosome aberration analysis
 ¤ Laboratory methods of chromosome aberration analysis
 Lessons of Scoring (pptx)
      (downloadable)  
 ¤ Cell selection           ¤ Examples and annotation
 ¤ 1 Gy    ¤ 2 Gy    ¤ 3 Gy    ¤ 4 Gy    ¤ 5 Gy    ¤ 6 Gy    ¤ 8 Gy   ¤ 10 Gy    ¤ 20 Gy    ¤ 30 Gy    ¤ 50 Gy  of 137Cs gamma-rays
[2] KURBC: Chromosome Aberrations in Human lymphocytes Irradiated In Vitro  
  Gamma-rays   ¤ Co-60     ¤ Cs-137     ¤ Response by cell type (gamma)     ¤ Simulated non-uniform irradiation    ¤ Low dose and low dose-rate
 ¤ Chromatid-type aberration
  X-rays  ¤ 1.9 MeV X-rays      ¤ 1.5 MeV X-rays      ¤ 200 kVp X-rays      ¤ 50 kVp X-rays
  Neutrons     Accelarator-produced monoenergetic neutrons
 
¤ 14.1 Mev T(d,n)4He      ¤ 2 MeV 9Be(d,n)10B 
 235U fission neutrons (KUR, Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, 5 MW)
 ¤ 235U energy converter (Ê=1.985 MeV)     ¤ Iron-filtered neutron (Ê=60 keV)     ¤ Thermal neutron (Ê=0.025 eV, with/without 10B)
 235U fission neutrons (YAYOI, Research Reactor, University of Tokyo, 12 kW)
 ¤ Experimental systems
 ¤ TKY-GH (Ê=1.354 MeV)       ¤ TKY-TC (Ê=0.477 MeV)       ¤ TKY-MD (Ê=0.069 MeV)      
 ¤ TKY-BL (Ê=0.210 MeV)       ¤ TKY-M12 (Ê=0.045 MeV)      ¤ TKY-M27 (Ê=0.017 MeV)
 235U fission neutrons (UTR-KINKI, Atomic Energy Institute, Kinki University, 1 W)
 ¤ Experimental system
 ¤ UTR-Air (Ê=0.101 MeV)      ¤ UTR-Bi (Ê=0.138 MeV)        ¤ UTR-Fe (Ê=0.196 MeV)      ¤ UTR-PE =0.100 MeV)
 Protons  ¤ 4.9 MeV protons            ¤ 40 MeV protons
 Alpha-particles  ¤ 8.4 MeV alpha                ¤ 18 MeV alpha                ¤ 23 MeV alpha               ¤ 241Am alpha
 Ultra-soft X-rays   Synchrotron orbit-produced ultra-soft X-rays (SOR)
 ¤ 14.59 keV    ¤ 13.79 kV     ¤ 12.40 keV     ¤ 6.89 keV    ¤ 4.77 keV    ¤ 3.10 keV    ¤ 2.15 keV    ¤ 1.91 keV     ¤ Auger effect (Br)
 Characteristic X-rays (Cultured mouse m5S cells)
 ¤ Carbon (K)        ¤ Aluminium (K)        ¤ Copper (K)        ¤ Chromium (K)        ¤ Molybdenum (L)
 Chromosomal susceptibility of m5S cells
 ¤ m5S vs human lymphocytes (relative susceptibility to 137Cs gamma-rays)
[3] KURBC: Chromoome Aberrations in Humans Exposed In Vivo 
 Laboratory Data         ¤ Atomic bomb survivors (Hiroshima and Nagasaki) (Sampled in 1967-1968)
 ¤ Atomic bomb survivors (Hiroshima and Nagasaki) (Sampled in 1983-1985) (Collaborative study)
 ¤ Thorotrast patients (Internal deposit of 232ThO2);      ¤ Biodosimetry
 ¤ Occupational exposure-1 (Workers temporarily working in the nuclear power plants)
 ¤ Occupational exposure-2 (Radiological technologists)
 ¤ JCO criticality accident-1 (High dose irradiated persons)
 ¤ JCO criticality accident-2 (Low-level exposure and residents)
 ¤ Chernobyl accident (Evacuees)
 ¤ Goiania accident (Interlaboratory comparison)
 ¤ Semipalatinsk (Residents near the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site, Kazakhstan)
 ¤ Other radiation accidents or over exposure
 [4] Other Relevant Data in Literature (Humans Exposed In Vivo)
  General populations  ¤ General populations of Japan (Tonomura et al. 1983)
  Atomic bombing   ¤ Atomic bomb survivors in Hiroshima and Nagasaki (Awa et al., Radiation Effects Research Foundation, RERF)
 ¤ Bone marrow studies (Kamada et al. 1970, Kamada and Tanaka 1983)
 ¤ RBE of A-bomb neutrons: commentary (Sasaki et al. 2006, 2008, 2014, 2016) 
  Bikini nuclear test   ¤ Bikini incident: Fallout from thermonuclear explosion
        Bikini follow-up studies (Ishihara and Kumatori 1967),        Other ships 60 years after (Tanaka et al. 2016) 
  Chernobyl NPS accident   Emergency operation workers, etc.
 ¤ Victims (Salassidis et al. 1994),         ¤ Victims, Liquidator, Residents (Pilinskaya et al. 1996)
Liquidator, Cleanup workers
 ¤ Complex Task Group (Russia) (Sevan'kaev et al. 1995),  ¤ Liquidators (Russia) (Schevchenko et al. 1996),
 ¤ Liquidator (Kharkov) (Maznik et al. 1997),  ¤ Cleanup workers (Russia) (Slozina et al. 2001, Neronova et al. 2003),  
 ¤ Cleanup workers (Lithuania) (Lazutka 1996),    ¤ Cleanup workers (Russia) (Snigiryova et al. 1997),
 ¤ Cleanup workers (Estonia) (Littlefield et al. 1998) with Commentary on translocation assay for low doses and low LET radiation
 ¤ Residents
        Belarus (children) (Padonani et al. 1991),      Belarus and Kiev (Sheid et al. 1993),      Belarus (Verschaeve et al. 1993),
        Bryansk (Salomaa et al., 1997),         Belarus and Ukraine (Edwards et al. 2004),     Belarus and Russia (Sevan'kaev et al. 1995)
 ¤ Evacuees
        Belarussian residents and evacuees (Mikhalevich et al., 2000),       German evacuees (Stephan and Oestreicher 1989),
         Prypiat evacuees (Mazunik et al. 1997),   Children (Padovani et al. 1993, 1997),     Hungarian evacuees (Sasaki, this database)
European countries (Fallout)
 ¤ Salzburg (Austria) (Pohl-Ruling et al. 1991)
 ¤ Berchtesgaden (Germany) (Stephan and Oestreicher 1993; Braselmann et al. 1992),   ¤ Norway (Brogger et al. 1996) 
Non-human biota
 ¤ Mice: experimental exposure in 10-km zone (Pelevina et al. 1993)
 ¤ Reindeer (Roed et al. 1991, 1995),     ¤ Bank voles (Cristaldi et al. 1991) 
 Fukushima NPS accident   ¤ Recovery operation workers (Suto 2016),      ¤ Travellers across Fukushima (Lee et al. 2012)
 ¤ Non-human biota (field mice) (Kubota et al. 2015, Kawagoshi et al. 2017)
 Other NPS accident   ¤ CANDO NPS over-exposure (House et al. 1992),      ¤ Tokai NPS over-exposure (AC4 of this database) 
 Criticalty accident  ¤ Y-12 Ork Ridge accident (Bender and Gooch 1962),    ¤ Hanford accident (Bender and Gooch 1966)
 ¤ Vinca accident (Pendic et al. 1980)
 ¤ JCO Tokai-mura accident (Kanda et al. 2002),    Other relevant papers [1] (Hayata et al. 2000, 2001) and [2] (Sasaki et al. 2001) 
 Semipalatinsk, STS  ¤ Residents of villages near the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site (STS)
    (RBC-Kyoto, 2000; Testa et al. 2001; Stephan et al. 2001; Salomaa et al. 2002; Tanaka et al. 2006; Chaizhunusova et al. 2006) 
 Nuclear processing facility  Mayak production association (PA)
 ¤ Mayak PA workers  (Salassidis et al. 1998; Burak et al. 2001; Bauchinger et al. 2001;  Stonik et al. 2015; Hande et al. 2003, 2005)
 ¤ Techa River (Bauchinger et al. 1998; Akleyev et al. 1995; Testa et al. 1998; Degteva et al. 2005, 2015; Vozilova et al. 2012)  
Rocky Flats plant
 ¤ Rocky Flats plutonium workers (Livingston et al. 2006) 
Sellafield nuclear processing facility
 ¤ Sellafield plutonim workers
   (Tawn et al. 1985, 2004, 2006; Whitehouse et al. 1998; Whitehouse and Tawn 2001; Tawn and Whitehouse 2005) 
 Natural radiation
 (High background area)
 ¤ Yangjiang, China (Dicentric assay, Translocation assay, Interaction with smoking, Radioadaptive response)
 ¤ Ramsar, Iran (Dicentric assay)
 ¤ Kerala, India (Newborn survey including structural aberrations and karyotype abnormalities)
 ¤ Commentary: Dose-response kinetics of continued low dose-rate exposure 
 Space flight    ¤ Giemsa (Testard et al. 1996; Obe et al. 1997; Fedoreko et al. 2001; Durante et al. 2003; Hayata et al. 2008) 
 ¤ FISH (Yang et al. 1997; George et al. 2001; George et al. 2005; Hayata et al, 2008; George et al. 2010; George et al. 2013)  
 60Co accident  ¤ UK 60Co accident (Dolphin et al. 1967),  ¤ Neuhenberg 60Co accident (Stephan et al. 1983)
 ¤ San Salvador 60Co accident (Littlefield 1991),  ¤ Zagreb 60Co accident (Melkovic-Kraus et al. 1992)
 ¤ Henan 60Co accident (Liu et al. 2008),    ¤ Shanghai 60Co accident (Chen et al. 2009)
 ¤ Shandon-Jining 60Co accident (Yao et al. 2010),      ¤ Shanxi 60Co accident (Wang et al. 2015)
 137Cs accident  ¤ Goiania 137Cs accident (Ramalho et al. 1988),      ¤ Estonia 137Cs accident (Hutt et al. 1996)
 192Ir accident  ¤ German 192Ir accident (Scneider et al. 1969),  ¤ Australia 192Ir accident (Brown and McNeil 1971)
 ¤ Chiba 192Ir accident (Ishihara et al 1973),      ¤ Pelindaba 192Ir accident (Basson et al. 1981)
 ¤ Algeria 192Ir accident (Mouthuy and Dutrilaux 1982),  ¤ Iran 192Ir accident (Voisin et al 2000)
 ¤ Samara 192Ir accident (Sevan'kaev et al. 2002)
 X-ray accident  ¤ German X-ray accident (Scheid et al. 1988),      ¤ Belgium X-ray accident (Thierens et al. 2005)
 Tritiated water accident  ¤ Accidental intake of THO (Lloyd et al. 1986),      ¤ Occupational intake of THO (Thierens et al. 2005)
 Radiotherapy (Exploitation)  ¤ Lymphocyte lifetime : Determination (Norman et al. 1965, 1966; Buckton et al. 1967, 1978)
 ¤ 131I treatment (Blackwell et al. 1974; Gundy et al. 1996)
 ¤ Cancer radiotherapy, Examples (Diener et al. 1988; Rigaud et al. 1990; Venkatachalam et al. 1999; Hayata, unpubl)
 [5] Damage to Germ Cells and Its Consequences 
 Germline cytogenetics      ¤ Translocation in spermatogonia (Mouse)
 ¤ Translocation in spermatogonia (Other animals including man)
 ¤ Translocation in spermatogonia (Dose-response kinetics) 
 ¤ Inborn chromosome aberrations (Hereditary effects)
   Supplementary notes on "(1) Translocation suppression" and "(2) Doubling dose of A-bomb radiation
 
 ¤ Sperm radiation cytogenetics
 [6] Addendum  
    Dose response and microdosimetric quantity of dicentric chromosomes
 ¤ Particles (electrons, protons, alpha-particles, HZE ions)     ¤ Photons (gamma-rays, X-rays)     ¤ Neutrons                
 ¤ New biodosimetry system (unfolding chromosome aberration distribution into dose distribution) applied in the commentary.
 ¤ Editorial notes